Memorial Details

NEWMP Memorial Image
Photo: Tony Harding

Memorial

Cross 1914-18 1939-45 Later wars Green

Reference

W96.01

Place

WASHINGTON

Map ref

NZ 310566

Original Location

The Green adjacent to the Church, Washington Village.

Which war

a. 1914-18
b. 1939-45
c. Falklands 1982
d. Gulf War 1990-1
e. Iraq 2003
f. Afghanistan 2006, 2013

Dedication, Creation or Publication date

a. Unveiled 5th June 1920 by the Earl of Durham.

Memorial Description

Cross of Celtic type, standing on a pedestal, which stands on a platform of five steps inside a small fenced in enclosure. The overall height is approx. 4.8m (16 feet). The dedication is on the front face of the pedestal, with the names in two columns on that face and the other four faces. The dates "1939-1945" are on the shaft of the cross. The dates of successive conflicts have been added in ascending order on the shaft of the cross, along with names. The lettering is mainly in sans serif capitals.

Materials used

Heworth Bluestone

Inscription

a. 1914-1919 / Sacred to the memory of / those from the parishes / of Washington and Barmston / who died for King and Country /
b. 1939-1945
c. Falklands War 1982
d. Gulf War 1990-1991
e. Iraq 2003
f. Afghanistan 2006, 2006, 2013

Names

Who commissioned

Welcome Home and Memorial Committee, Chairman, Mark Ford, J.P., Blue House.

Present condition

This memorial was in poor condition, but was restored about 1986 on the instigation of the Washington Village Society. The stonework was repaired and the names recut and filled with metal inserts.

Sculptor, Artist or Designer

Designer : Mr. Jos. Potts, Eldon Square, Newcastle, sculpted by Mr. J.W. Reed, Newcastle; ironwork provided by Messrs. Emley & Sons; general contractor was Mr. F. Stokoe of Washington.

Ownership and maintenance

Sunderland City Council

Notes

1. The memorial was placed on the green in 1920, after filling in the pond.

2. The Committee also gave to each of the relatives of the dead men illuminated addresses bearing photographs of the monument.

3. Mr. F. Stirling Newall, J.P. presented a motor ambulance and garage together with five year’s costs of upkeep to the village.

4. “The monument has a background shaped like a horseshoe, encircling a clump of small trees. The enclosure is to be further enriched by the planting of shrubbery in the autumn, to be given by the Earl. Thus when in bloom will form a veritable umbrella of brilliant foliage overhanging the cross. Hence it is not only most conspicuous to the pedestrian, but very much beautified by its leafy environment”. Another newspaper reports that the Earl of Durham would provide the shrubs.

5. Old photos show the memorial set onto a circular pavement.

6. The Earl of Durham was handed a medal as a souvenir of the occasion at the original unveiling.

7. From the district, some 1,000 men had signed on.

8. The name of Simon Miller, killed in Iraq 2003, was added and unveiled at a ceremony on July 11th 2004.

9. In 2014 the Wessington U3A War Memorials Group produced a film called “Wad thou gan, Aye as wad” using Heritage Lottery Funding. It identifies all 378 men and one woman who fought and fell in Harraton, Washington and Usworth.

Newspaper cuttings, photos or archival material

Photos: C. Sanders; James Pasby; Newcastle Central Library photograph c1930; old postcard: Tony Harding: Janis USA: Norman Dunn

Chester-le-Street Chronicle 11/6/1920 reports unveiling and donation of ambulance.

Sunderland Daily Echo 5/06/1920

Illustrated Chronicle 7/6/1920 reports unveiling with photos.

Durham Chronicle 11/6/1920 reports unveiling.

Newcastle Weekly Chronicle 12/6/1920 reports unveiling.

Durham County Advertiser 11/6/1920 reports unveiling.

Newcastle Daily Chronicle 7/6/1920 reports unveiling.

The Journal 12/7/2004 reports addition of Miller name to memorial

Washington Church A History and Guide Margot Johnson, M.A., F.L.A. ISBN 0 946105 02 2

Sunderland Echo 10/9/2014 reports the making of the film in Note 9 above.

External web link

Links to Source Material :

Additional Research documents (click to download)

Research acknowledgements

Ethel and Neville Armstrong, Whickham and District L.H.S.; the late Dr. R.W. Gould; James Pasby, C. Sanders; Tony Harding; Dorothy Hall; Fitzhugh Collection, Middleton in Teesdale; Yorkshire Regiment Remembrance

Research In Progress

Washington Group has fairly extensive details of the WW1 men on Usworth, Washington Village and Harraton. There are files of their information in libraries at Shiney Row, Washington, Sunderland, Newcastle, Gateshead, Birtley, Durham Record Office and Tyne Wear Archives Blandford Street Newcastle. There are also files of information about life and events in Harraton Parish during WW1 in the same places

DVD Washington men in the Great War – Wad thou gan? £5 or through YouTube or can be borrowed from local libraries.

Washington in the Great War – Whisht Lads Peter Welsh £10 published by Pen & Sword 2014 ISBN 978 1 78346 385 6

Available from Peter Welsh, Docherty’s, Rita’s and Sonya’s in Front Street Washington, Harraton Post Office, Cellini’s Café and the Black Bush in Washington Village, Durham County Record Office and Sainsbury’s The Galleries Washington.

Contact: petewelshgettysburg@btinternet.com

The names on Washington Memorial have been researched by Steve Davidson Contact: sommecat@yahoo.co.uk

Cross 1914-18 1939-45 Later wars Green (W96.01)

 
WASHINGTON The Green 

    
     1914-1919
     Sacred to the memory of
     those from the parishes
     of Washington and Barmston
     who died for King and Country
   
     Allen T.            Bateman R.
     Allsopp J.          Bell E.
     Anderson F.         Beresford R.
     Armstrong F.        Besford S.
     Armstrong J.        Borthwick W.H.
     Ash J.L.            Braban A.
     Atkinson H.         Braban A.E.
     Atkinson R.         Branton J.
     Baggott S.          Brown G.R.
     Baister C.W.        Brown R.
     Ball C.R.           Brown W.
     Ball W.J.           Brown W.
     Bannister J.        Chilvers H.
     Barnabas J.         Claughan F.J.
-------------------------------------
   
     Cook J.W.           Forster J.D.
     Cornish J.          Forster W.
     Coulthard J.        Foster G.
     Cowel T.            Foster J.T.
     Coxon E.W.          Futers V.
     Daglish R.          Gardner H.
     Davison G.R.        Gardner T.
     Dean E.             Gaston J.
     Dixon V.            Gilmaney J.
     Dobson A.           Golden G.
     Dobson G.           Gould R.S.
     Donaldson T.        Graham W.
     Douglas J.T.        Grainge R.W.
     Doud P.             Green J.E.
     Drummond R.         Hall E.
     Duffy F.J.          Hall G.N.
     Duffy J.R.          Hanlon T.
     Dwyer J.E.          Harding M.
     Ellison J.E. & T.   Harrison G.
     Eltringham J.W.     Haydock J.
     Embleton F.         Hedley W.
     English M.          Helm E.
     Ferguson Sarah      Holbrook S.
     Forster J.          Holmes T.
-------------------------------------
   
     Hopson J.           Mason R.
     House R.S.          Mason W.
     Hudart G.S.         Megan T.
     Humble J.           Mills S.
     Hunter E.           Morgan F.
     Jameson R.          Mould R.
     Jefferson R.        Mould T.
     Jefferson T.        Murphy P.
     Jobson R.N.         McMenan H.
     Jonas W.            McLahaney J.H.
     Knox W.             McCrerey T.
     Lambert F.          Nesbitt J.H.
     Lambert W.          Nesbitt R.B.
     Laws R.O.           Nicholson C.H.
     Layfield W.         Nicholson H.M.
     Lee W.              Oswald H.J.
     Lennox J.T.         Palmer H.S.G.
     Lindsay H.N.        Patterson R.
     Local J.            Paxton T.W.
     Lowrie G.           Penaluna T.
     Maddison J.A.       Pittilla J.R.
     Mallaburn T.        Pluse T.
     Marley W.           Rawling J.W.
     Marley W.J.         Robinson W.
-------------------------------------
   
     Robson A.J.        Sweeny J.
     Rooney J.          Tatters J.
     Roper W.           Thompson E.
     Ross R.H.          Thompson M.
     Routledge W.C.     Thompson R.
     Saint R.           Tindale G.
     Sandy F.           Todd J.G.
     Sandy J.T.         Turnbull B.
     Scorer T.          Urwin G.
     Seed E.            Urwin R.
     Self S.C.          Varley B.R.
     Simm R.T.          Wake J.
     Simpson H.         Wake M.
     Smith C.           Watson A.
     Smith G.           Watson E.
     Smith J.           White B.
     Spence J.          Wilkinson A.
     Sproul J.          Wilkinson H.
     Stafford J.F.      Wilkinson J.
     Stanners R.        Wilkinson J.
     Stephenson J.W.    Wilkinson R.
     Stewart J.         Wilden H.
     Stokoe W.J.B.      Wiseman T.
     Storey J.E.        Young A.J.
                        Wilson F.
------------------------------------------
1939-45
On shaft of cross
   
     Askew N.                      
     Armstrong N.                   
     Ball W.            
     Banks W.L.          
     Bolam G.            
     Beresford J.        
     Bootes W.W.         
     Brown J.            
     Brewis J.           
     Burrell R.          
     Buckham W.          
     Burgess R.          
     Burnett J.F.        
     Carpenter J.M.      
     Carr W.D.           
     Coulson H.          
     Coyle J.H.          
     Creswell W.         
     Creswell T.         
     Davison A.          
     Dawson R.           
     Dodds J.R.          
     Dodds J.            
     Dixon J.            
     Durham R.           
     Drummond A.         
     Eland A.            
     Eeles F.            
     Embleton T.W.       
     Ellison T.          
     Emmerson G.S.       
     Fisher T.           
     Forsyth T.          
     Fawcett S.          
     Geddes L.           
     Glew R.C.           
     Gough E.            
     Gray L.A.           
     Handysides L.      
     Hancock T.          
     Hepplwhite J.I.     
     Heslop T.W.         
     Hill W.E .          
     Hill J.             
     Hindmarch E.        
     Holt J.S.B.         
     Holt J.             
     Holdsworth C.       
     Hunt S.R.          
     Carrol A.             
     Arbuckle R.          
-------------------------------------
On shaft of cross
                    
     Johnson J.    
     Johnson H.             
     Johnson J.H.    
     Keers J.
     Lamb H.
     Lumsden T.R.
     Madden J.
     Mills R.
     Monaghan F.B.
     Morris G.A.L.
     Mordey C.
     McCartney J.
     Norton N.
     Palmer R.J.
     Palmer J.A.
     Palmer Edna
     Pearson J.
     Pimbley R.
     Quinn J.
     Race A.
     Richardson A.
     Richards W.
     Ritchie G.
     Ritchings A.D.
     Richardson R.
     Riddle F.
     Ridley R.
     Robinson R.
     Rogerson J.
     Rutter R.
     Rumney M.
     Stanners F.W.
     Scott J.
     Simpson C.B.
     Simpson G.
     Snowball T.
     Spencer R.W.
     Thornton R.W.
     Trotter R.
     Wardle J.
     Watson G.W.
     Watson C.S.
     Walsh L.
     Waters R.
     Wells S.G.
     Wood E.
     Young J.
     Young Jack
     Marley N.
     Parker J.D.
-------------------------------------
On shaft of cross
   
     Afghanistan
     2013
     Walker R.
    
     Iraq 2003
     Miller S.
   
     Afghanistan
     2006
     Tansey S.
   
     1914-1919
     Pearson J.
   
     Gulf War
     1990-1991
     Dent N.T.
   
     Falklands War
     1982
     White S.J.
     Jackson D.R.
     Afghanistan
     2006
    
    (1914-18)
     Helm P.
     Ivers R.W.
     Lamb P.
     Lambton W.
     McHugh M.
NamesW96.01   

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Parish Notes

Every Name A Story