Memorial Details

NEWMP Memorial Image
Photo: Vin Mullen

Memorial

Cenotaph Palmer Shipyard 1914-18 Roadside

Reference

J2.01

Place

JARROW

Map ref

NZ 340650

Original Location

Palmer Memorial Hospital, Jarrow. In the grounds, by the roadside, surrounded by a privet hedge.

Which war

1914-18

Dedication, Creation or Publication date

Unveiled October 6th, 1921 by Mr. G. Mure Ritchie, Company Chairman. Dedicated by Rev. E.M. Williams, Rector of Christ Church.

Memorial Description

Cenotaph "of massive proportions and rising to nearly 20 feet, (6.09m) the outline is simple and effective". The slightly tapering monument is topped by an urn.
Panels on the front and sides, each with a laurel wreath raised in half relief at the top, bear the inscriptions. Names are listed in two columns on each, under the department in which they worked. Lettering is incised using Roman capitals throughout.
There is an additional panel which adds names after the completion of the cenotaph.
The monument is now surrounded by a hedge, but originally had wrought iron railings round three sides, leaving the front open, with a path round giving the public access to a paved footway two steps above street level.

Materials used

Stone from Greenlaw Quarry, Northumberland.

Inscription

Dedicated to those who gave their lives / from Jarrow / 1914-1919 / 1939-1945
Erected by / the Directors and Shareholders of / Palmers Shipbuilding & Iron Company, Limited / to record their appreciation / of the patriotism of 1,543 men / from the Jarrow and Hebburn Works / in joining His Majesty’s Forces for service / in the Great War 1914-1919 / and in grateful and honoured memory / of those who made the great sacrifice / for their country, and whose names / are inscribed on this monument. “So they gave their bodies to the / Commonwealth, and received each / for his memory, praise that will / never die, and with it the noblest / sepulchre - not the spot where / their bones are laid, but a place / in the minds of men”

Names

Who commissioned

Palmer Shipbuilding and Iron Co., Directors and Shareholders.

How money was raised

Directors and Shareholders of the Company

Sculptor, Artist or Designer

Designed by C.S. Errington, Architect; made by Robert Beall, Sculptor, Newcastle upon Tyne.

Ownership and maintenance

South Tyneside Council

Notes

1. From this firm, 1543 employees joined the forces, and 140 were killed or died from wounds.

2. In addition to the Cenotaph, bronze tablets on granite blocks were erected by the workmen and staff in each department of the shipyards and works to the memory of colleagues who lost their lives.
See Hebburn H93.07 and Jarrow J2.05, J2.27 and J2.28

3. Some 5,000 people gathered to witness the unveiling ceremony.

4. “It is not surprising that those who undertook the task of collecting the names of the Palmer Co’s. employees who fell in the war, so as to have them engraved on the cenotaph generously erected by the Company, failed to get a complete list. When the memorial was completed the names of forgotten men were forthcoming, and the Company has had to face the difficulty this created. The omission has been made good by affixing a brass plate at the back of the monument”. South Shields Gazette.

5. At the unveiling, the conveyance of the land on which the cenotaph stands, and the cenotaph itself, were handed to the Mayor of Jarrow "for safe keeping, as long as it shall last".

6. The men who worked in the Blast Furnace Dept. were treated to a social evening where presentations were made to each. From the department, 117 joined up, of whom 62 actually fought. 8 were killed. The fund promoted by the workmen had raised £451.17s and 1,200 parcels had been sent to the forces. Those named who died are: Messrs. Towell; M. Donnelly; R. Donnelly; P. Steele; J. Cavanagh; J. Gourlay Rutherford; J. Raine and P. McAvoy.

7. At a meeting held in June 1920, the possibility of building a children’s hospital was considered by all departments of the business.

Newspaper cuttings, photos or archival material

Photos: C. Sanders; Vin Mullen

Shields Daily News 30/09/1921 reports notice of unveiling; 07/10/1921 reports unveiling ceremony.

Illustrated Chronicle 30/09/1921 reports proposed unveiling; 06/10/1921 reports proposed unveiling “this evening”.

Northern Echo 04/11/1920 reports meeting re names to go on this memorial in Note 2 above; 30/09/1921 reports proposed unveiling; 07/10/1921 reports unveiling.

Newcastle Weekly Chronicle 08/10/1921 reports unveiling.

South Shields Gazette 23/09/1921 reports proposed unveiling on 6th October, following the unveiling of plaques in each department; 29/09/1921 also reports on proposed unveilings with more information; 07/10/1921 reports unveiling; 28/04/1922 reports addition of an extra plaque at the rear – see Note 5 above.

Newcastle Daily Chronicle 23/05/1919 reports Blast Furnace details given in Note 6 above; 04/06/1920 reports possibility of a children’s hospital; 07/10/1921 reports unveiling.

Unnamed book showing pictures of Jarrow including this monument.

Source of quotation :
“So they gave their bodies to the Commonwealth . . .” Thucydides, describing the funeral oration of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War, 431-413 B.C’.

External web link

Links to Source Material :

Additional Research documents (click to download)

Research acknowledgements

The late R.W. Gould; C. Sanders; UKNIWM; Vin Mullen; Jennifer Morrison; Dorothy Hall; Michael Mulhern

Research In Progress

The names on this memorial are being researched by Peter Hoy. Contact: peterhoy@hotmail.co.uk

Cenotaph Palmer Shipyard 1914-18 Roadside (J2.01)

 
JARROW     Palmer Memorial Hospital, Jarrow.  
  
   Dedicated to those who gave their lives
   from Jarrow
   1914-1919    1939-1945 
  
   Erected by
   the Directors and Shareholders of 
   Palmers Shipbuilding & Iron Company, Limited
   to record their appreciation
   of the patriotism of 1,543 men 
   from the Jarrow and Hebburn Works 
   in joining His Majesty’s Forces for service
   in the Great War 1914-1919 
   and in grateful and honoured memory
   of those who made the great sacrifice
   for their country, and whose names 
   are inscribed on this monument.

    
   “So they gave their bodies to the 
   Commonwealth, and received each
   for his memory, praise that will
   never die, and with it the noblest
   sepulchre - not the spot where
   their bones are laid, but a place
   in the minds of men”
-----------------------------------------------------
First side

    
   HEBBURN SHIPYARD      Robert McKenzie
   Walter D. Arthur      Edmund McLarney
   Thomas Beck           Alexr. O’Brien
   Charles Carr          Alexr. Owens
   Michael Conway        Andrew Patrick
   John Coulson          William Patterson
   Patrick J. Coyne      James S. Scott
   John W. Cutmore       William Scott
   Oswald Dotchin        William Shannon
   Joseph Duffy          John J. Sheppherd   
   Henry Farries         Daniel Shovelan
   John A. Ferguson      John T. Thompson
   Alexr. Fitzpatrick    John Twaddle
   William Grey          James Welsh
   Robert Hart           BOILER SHOP
   Arthur Hartley        Ernest Lawson
   John G. Hume          Thomas Newton
   William Irvine        FOUNDRY
   Charles Knight        Robert Dine
   William H. Lawson     John Robson
   John J. Linskey       William Ross
   Frederick Lydon       STAFF
   James Lynch           Leslie Arkle
   R. McBain             Alexr. A. Collingwood
   John McBarron         Sidney Tucker
   John McCarty
-----------------------------------------------------
Second face

    
   JARROW ENGINE WORKS   Herbert Cooper
   George Ambler         Robert Devlin
   George Bonner         Robert Harding
   William Brown         Thomas Joyce
   Frederick Carr        James Linskey
   Edward Carroll        Norman Little
   Charles B. Chrisp     Jos. McCann
   James E. Fitzpatrick  Joseph McEvoy
   William Green         James McIvor
   Thomas Green          Thomas J. Rutherford
   John W. Gregg         George Stokoe
   William Kane          BLAST FURNACES
   Michael Kerr          James Cavanagh
   Benjamin Little       Robert Donnelly
   Arthur E. Marchbanks  Thomas Gourley
   Thomas E. Slack       Joseph Havelock
   Robert Townsley       John W. Henderson
   Herbert Waller        Martin Jennings
   John Wills            George Lamb
   STAFF                 Robert Mack
   Thomas G. Gold        George Steel
   John Nailon           John Towell
   STEEL WORKS           STAFF
   Frederick Atkinson    Robert Emmerson
   William Botto         Ernest Huntley
   William Burdiss       John Meller
   William Burgess       Frank Wardhaugh
   Hugh Campbell
-----------------------------------------------------
Third Side

    
   JARROW SHIPYARD       Thomas O’Brien
   William Allison       Walter Reick
   John Berry            James Robinson
   Daniel Bigley         Percival Robinson
   Thomas Brown          Thomas Ronaldson
   Joseph Brownlee       Joseph H.
   Charles Buck          Edgar S. Scott
   William Burdiss       William Scott
   Joseph Crowther       William Spoors
   George E. Dickinson   John Steedman
   Richard Dixon         Albert Stenton
   John Dobson           Robert Stephenson
   Joseph Drewery        William Surtees
   John Elliott          Thomas E. Tooley
   Richard Gordon        Herbert Warminger
   James H. Harding      Ralph W. Watson
   Stephen Haywood       William Welsh
   George Holt           STAFF
   J. Joicey             Joseph Dickinson
   Arthur Lavery         William J. Edmundson
   Daniel McKay          Patrick J. Finnigan
   John McKenna          Thomas Forsyth
   Thomas Munro          Arthur B. Gowan
   John J. Munroe        Patrick McLaughlin
   Robert Murray         James J. Tierney
-----------------------------------------------------
   Names added after completion of cenotaph

    
   Column 1            Column 2            Column 3            

    
   JARROW SHIPYARD     George M. Farrow    James Patrick       
   James Adams         David Glass         Charles Peacock     
   Robert W. Bell      Robert Graves       John C. Petersen    
   Thomas Bentham      Robert W. Harney    John Richardson     
   Matthew Bolam       Joseph Lascelles    Henry Robson        
   John R. Bothwick    Thomas Lindsay      William Roper       
   Joseph Campbell     John C. McDonald    Joseph Scott        
   Thomas Chambers     Joseph Mumford      Joseph Simpson      
   James Cochrane      John W. Ogden       Joseph Smith        
-----------------------------------------------------
   Column 4            Column 5

    
   William Storey      James F. Gaffing

    
   Edward Watson       Alfred Purvis
   Harold Watson       John Richardson
   GALVANISING WORKS   STEELWORKS
   Robert Bryanton     Thomas Dunn
   William Moffett     Andrew Henderson
   George T. Nellist   Thomas A. Howitt
   JARROW ENGINE WORKS BLAST FURNACES
   James W. Fraser     James Charlton
NamesJ2.01    

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Parish Notes

Every Name A Story