Memorial Details

NEWMP Memorial Image
Photo: C.N. Dallison

Memorial

Cross 1914-18 1939-45 Abbey Grounds

Reference

H51.03

Place

HEXHAM

Map ref

NY 935640

Original Location

Priory and Parish Church of St. Andrew, Market Place. In the grounds.

Which war

a. 1914-18
b. 1939-45

Dedication, Creation or Publication date

Unveiled 29th September, 1921 by Prince Henry (later Duke of Gloucester) and dedicated by the Rector, Rev. J.V.C. Farquhar .

Memorial Description

Cross based on Blomfield type. Four octagonal steps of various depths and diminishing width are surmounted by a tall octagonal plinth, the whole base being about 2.43m (8 feet) high. This is topped by plain cross about 2.13m (7 feet) high, with a bronze sword mounted on the east face, the whole being 4.57m (15 feet) high. The names are carved into the stone on all eight sides of the top three parts below the cross, and are painted black. All lettering is in incised Roman capitals throughout.
Old photos show that it was originally surrounded by a circle of small stones enclosing a paved area.

Materials used

White Portland stone

Inscription

On centre face, middle step:
Here are inscribed / names which bid us / by service our / debt repay.

On centre face, lower step:
This cross and S. Wilfrid's / War Memorial Hospital / are dedicated to the / glorious memory of the / men of Hexham who laid / down their lives in the / Great Wars 1914-1918 / 1939-1945.

Names

Who commissioned

The Hospital Committee

Cost

£15,000 for Hospital and Cross.

How money was raised

Public subscription.

Present condition

Good.

Sculptor, Artist or Designer

Designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield, R.A.; built by William Cresswell of Hexham.

Ownership and maintenance

Hexham Town Council.

Notes

1. The words "Wars1914" run into one another, and it is obvious that the letter "s" had been inserted and the dates "1939-1945" squeezed in at the bottom.

2. The man who created this memorial, William Cresswell, also carved the memorial stone at Kohima.

3. An Allotments Association was to be formed, and it would hold a show of vegetables to raise funds for the memorial.

4. In August 2016 An appeal was launched for information about the names on the memorial. This appeared in the Hexham Courant 26/08/2016. There are discrepancies in the details on the memorial.

5 In 1997 a major spring-clean was proposed, with estimates of costs between £4,000 and £4,500.

Newspaper cuttings, photos or archival material

Photos: J. Brown; C.N. Dallison; old postcards: Tony Harding; John S. Perry

Peace Celebrations leaflet appointing Committees to organise events and raise funds for the memorials; photocopies of assorted programmes of services in Hexham Abbey Thanksgiving for Cessation of Hostilities 17/11/1918; "Welcome Home" Service of Thanksgiving 27/04/1919; Special Memorial Service for all who have fallen during the War (24th Oct, year not stated)

Hexham Courant 14/02/1920 gives details of fund raising so far; Saturday, 01/10/1921 gives full report of the unveiling ceremony; (date unknown) gives an account of William Cresswell and the memorial at Kohima; 13/12/1996 reports that Remembrance Day services were marred because of the poor state of the memorial; 12/09/1997 reports proposals for a spring clean; 08/02/2008 reports a large crack that would cost £3,000 to repair; 26/08/2016 carries details of the appeal for information on the names.

Newcastle Daily Journal 03/01/1920 page 3.

Illustrated Chronicle 30/09/1921 reports unveiling with photos.

Evening Dispatch 30/09/1921 reports unveiling.

Hexham Weekly News 14/11/1919 reports silent homage; 14/11/1919 reports donations to fund; reports Allotments Assocn. proposals; 17/09/1920 reports lists of names and ranks received so far.

Newcastle Daily Chronicle 12/09/1921 reports fund raising fete; 30/09/1921 reports unveiling.

Newcastle Central Library photographs c1935, 1954.

Morpeth County Library Frith collection of photographs; Postcard collection contains photograph of unveiling.

Hexham Historian No.15 carries an article entitled 'Only Fools and Horses' by Alan Grint about the Hexham men who fought at Gallipoli in 1915. It is extracted from In Silent Fortitude. Published by Hexham Local History Society; ISSN 1323-0563. www.hexhamhistorian.org.

In Silent Fortitude: In Memory of the Men of the North Tyne Valley who Fell in the Great War; Alan Isaac Grint; 2011; Ergo Press; ISBN 9780955751097

Source of quotation:
“Here are inscribed names which bid us by service our debt repay” Not ascertained.

External web link

Links to Source Material :

Additional Research documents (click to download)

Research acknowledgements

The late Ken and Dorothy Southern; J. Brown; Colin Dallison; John S. Perry; Tony Harding; Derick Tiffin (Hexham Town Council); Dorothy Hall

Research In Progress

Alan Grint has researched the names on the Hexham memorials in his book The Faith and Fire Within, 2006, Ergo Press ISBN 0955275814 Faith and Fire Within - Amazon or Cogito Books 01434 602555

Cross 1914-18 1939-45 Abbey Grounds (H51.03)

 
HEXHAM, Abbey grounds.
  
East face:                                North east face:                    
  
    E.R.A.  A.R.B. Pearson     R.N.           Spr.     T.W. Edwards          R.E.   
    E.R.A.  E.T. Baty          R.N.R.         Spr.     R. Elliott            R.E.   
    A.B.    L. Charlton        R.N.           Pte.     J.A. Ferroll          C. Gds.   
    A.B.    F.N. Dodds         R.N.           Pte.     H.N. Fogg             C. Gds.   
    A.B.    W. MacLachlan      R.N.           Capt.    J.H. Cuthbert, D.S.O. S. Gds
    A.B.    J. Robson          R.N.           Pte.     V. Bathgate           R. Scots.   
    A.B.    P. Robson          R.N.           Pte.     A. Patterson          R.M.L.I.   
    A.B.    J.E. Thompson      R.N.           Pte.     W. Oswald             E. Kents.   
    A.B.    W. Wilkinson       R.N.           Pte.     G.S. Robinson         E. Kents.   
    A.B.    W. Wilson          R.N.           Pte.     H.H. Browne           1st N.F.   
    AP.     W. Wilson          Mariner.       Pte.     J.E. Robson           1st N.F.   
    Fl.Lt.  T.A. Urwin         R.A.F.         Lt.Col.  B.D. Gibson D.S.O.    4th N.F.   
    P.T.E.  J.T. Hogg          R.A.F.         Capt.    H.H. Bell             4th N.F.   
    Sergt.  W.R. Thew          N.H.           Capt.    L.D. Plummer          4th N.F.   
    Tpr.    J.G. Dodds         N.H.           Capt.    J.W. Robinson         4th N.F.   
    Tpr.    W. Metcalfe        N.H.           Lieut.   J.M. Emerson          4th N.F.   
    Capt.   S. Atkinson        R.F.A.         Lieut.   F.P. Lees             4th N.F.   
    Capt.   F.A. Richardson    R.F.A.         Lieut.   H.A. Long             4th N.F.   
    Lt.     J.T. Strang        R.F.A.         Lieut.   R.L. Tully            4th N.F.   
    Dr.     J.M. Spedding      R.F.A.         Lieut.   G.P. Walton           4th N.F.   
    Dr.     T.W. Smith         R.F.A.         Lieut.   H.F. Walton           4th N.F.   
    Gnr.    J.E. Charlton      R.G.A.         R.S.M.   G.D. Fewster          4th N.F.   
    Gnr.    R.D. Telfer        R.G.A.         R.O.M.S. A.G. Richardson     4th N.F.   
    Dr.     J.D. Dodd          R.G.A.         C.S.M.   W.A. Charlton         4th N.F.   
    Cpl.    H.K. Lockhart      R. E.          C.S.M.   A. Hallbrook          4th N.F.   
    Spr.    E. Baty            R.E.           Sergt.   W. Alder              4th N.F.   
    Spr.    J.E. Bruntlett     R.E.           Sergt.   R. Brooks             4th N.F.   
    Spr.    J.W. Dodds         R.E.           Sergt.   F. Harvey             4th N.F.   
    Spr.    B. Porteous        R.E.           Sergt.   F. Nevison            4th N.F.   
  
         HERE ARE INSCRIBED                   Capt.    C.L. Stephenson       R.N.F.   
         NAMES WHICH BID US                   Plt/O    H.C. Stevenson        R.A.F.   
           BY SERVICE OUR                     Plt/O    W.L. Shield           R.A.F.   
            DEBT REPAY                        Pte.     J. Salkeld            A.& S. Hlds. 
                                              Fus.     J.W. Snowball         R.N.F.   
                                              L/Cpl.   H. Stuart             R.A.S.C.   
   
      THIS CROSS AND S. WILFRID'S             L/Cpl    K. Anderson           A.T.S.   
        WAR MEMORIAL HOSPITAL                 Sgt/Plt  H.B. Annan            R.A.F.   
         ARE DEDICATED TO THE                 Cpl.     F. Armstrong          R.N.F.   
        GLORIOUS MEMORY OF THE                Spr.     A. Atkinson           R.E.   
        MEN OF HEXHAM WHO LAID                F.O.     F.T. Brown  D.F.C     R.A.F.   
       DOWN THEIR LIVES IN THE                Capt.    W.N. Barrie D.F.C.    G.P.R.   
        GREAT WARS 1914-1918                  Lt.      T.B. Bland            R.N.F.   
             1939-1945                        L.A.C.   W.R. Blackburn        R.A.F.   
                                              Gnr.     J. Brotherton         R.A.   
                                              3rd O.   C.H. Boyd             M.N.   
                                              A.C.     N.N. Carr             R.A.F.   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
West Face                                 South west face                      
    Pte.    J. Robson          4th N.F.       Lt.      C.T. Savage           10th N.F.   
    Pte.    J. Robson          4th N.F.       Cpl.     F. Robson             10th N.F.   
    Pte.    J.B. Robson        4th N.F.       Lce.Cpl. T.W. Burn             10th N.F.   
    Pte.    T.W. Robson        4th N.F.       Pte.     T. Wright             11th N.F.   
    Pte.    J. Rowell          4th N.F.       Pte.     W. Lynch              16th N.F.   
    Pte.    D. Salkeld         4th N.F.       Sergt.   C.E. Snowball         19th N.F.   
    Pte.    W. Scott           4th N.F.       Sergt.   J. Nevison            20th N.F.   
    Pte.    J. Smith           4th N.F.       Pte.     F. Newman             20th N.F.   
    Pte.    R. Smith           4th N.F.       Pte.     T. Pencott            22nd N.F.   
    Pte.    W.H. Smith         4th N.F.       Pte.     C.W. Potts            22nd N.F.   
    Pte.    W. Summers         4th N.F.       Pte.     W. Allen              25th N.F.   
    Pte.    J. Stewart         4th N.F.       Sergt.   F. Forster            27th N.F.   
    Pte.    D. Sword           4th N.F.       Lc.Cpl.  N.C. Barnfather       R.F.   
    Pte.    J. Thompson        4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Kirkland           R.F.   
    Pte.    W. Watt            4th N.F.       Pte.     M.I. Pattinson        R.F.   
    Pte.    J.W. Thompson      4th N.F.       Pte.     S. Plant              R.F.   
    Pte.    G. Watson          4th N.F.       Pte.     P. Woolaston          Kings.   
    Pte.    R.M. Welch         4th N.F.       Lt.      G.S. Long             Suffolks.   
    Pte.    I.H. Whittaker     4th N.F.       Pte.     C. Conkleton          W. Yorks.   
    Pte.    R. Wilson          4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Dunwoodie          W. Yorks.   
    Pte.    J.W. Wilkinson     4th N.F.       Lce.Cpl. A.L. Lowes            W. Yorks.   
    Pte.    F. Young           4th N.F.       Pte.     C. Smith              W. Yorks.   
    Dr.     T. Cathrae         4th N.F.       Pte.     R.W. Smith            W. Yorks.   
    Dr.     W.G. Pearson       4th N.F.       Pte.     G. Smith              E. Yorks.   
    Dr.     J.S. Snowball      4th N.F.       Pte.     M. Thompson           E. Yorks.   
    Lt.     J. McIntosh        5th N.F.       Pte.     N. Wilkinson          E. Yorks.   
    Pte.    S.R. Hutton        7th N.F.       Lc.Cpl.  H. Brown              L.F.   
    Pte.    W. Kirsopp         8th N.F.       Pte.     T. Craig              Cheshires.   
    Pte.    T. Pigg            8th N.F.       Capt.    G.F.H. Charlton       S.W.B.   
  
    CSM     D. Forster         R.N.F.         Sgt.Obv. J.N. Huddlestone      R.A.F.   
    2nd Lt. W.D. Fairclough    D.L.I.         Major    K.W.D. Hodgson        H.G.   
    Major   R.H. Farquhar     Sfth.Hlds.      Cpl.     G. Irwin              W. Yrks. Regt.   
    Capt.   C.A.M. Grover      R.H.A.         Pte.     T. Johnson            P.C.   
    Sgt/Plt R. Gibson          R.A.F.         L/Cpl.   J. Kennedy            Bdr. Rgt.   
    O.A.    T. Gordon          R.N.           Major    T.R. Lovibond         R.A.C.   
    L/Cpl.  T. Graham          R.A.S.C.       Cpl.     A.W. Lowdon           R.E.M.E.   
    Gnr.    G.R. Graham        R.A.           Pte.     R. Lillico            R.N.F.   
    L/Cpl.  J.G. Hutchinson    R.N.F.         Gnr.     W. Metcalfe           R.A.   
    A.B.    J.J. Henderson     R.N.           Gnr.     R. Maquire            R.A.   
    Gnr.    G.E. Hudson        R.A.           P.O.     N.P. McKie            R.N.   
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
North face:                           North west face
  
    Sergt.  V. Scott           4th N.F.       Pte.     H. Griffen            4th N.F.
    Cpl.    F. Abbott M.M.     4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Heenan             4th N.F.
    Lc.Cpl  R. Henderson       4th N.F.       Pte.     R.G. Henderson        4th N.F.
    Lc.Cpl  J. Kelly           4th N.F.       Pte.     W. Henderson          4th N.F.
    Lc.Cpl. W.E. Woodman       4th N.F.       Pte.     T.C. Hill             4th N.F.
    Lc.Cpl. R. Young           4th N.F.       Pte.     W. Hogg               4th N.F.
    Pte.    T. Abbott          4th N.F.       Pte.     R. Hudson             4th N.F.
    Pte.    E. Armstrong       4th N.F.       Pte.     T. Lancaster          4th N.F.
    Pte.    J.J. Baty          4th N.F.       Pte.     R. Lendren            4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Baty            4th N.F.       Pte.     W.C. Love             4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Bell            4th N.F.       Pte.     T.T. McAdam           4th N.F.
    Pte.    W. Bell            4th N.F.       Pte.     W. Mitchison          4th N.F.
    Pte.    E. Blackburn       4th N.F.       Pte.     R. Moulding           4th N.F.
    Pte.    R. Blackburn       4th N.F.       Pte.     C. Mole               4th N.F.
    Pte.    G.W. Boustead      4th N.F.       Pte.     G. Moss               4th N.F.
    Pte.    W.I. Cooper        4th N.F.       Pte.     J.E. Newton           4th N.F.
    Pte.    W. Coulson         4th N.F.       Pte.     R. Newton             4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Cunningham      4th N.F.       Pte.     A. Noble              4th N.F.
    Pte.    G. Dodd            4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Oliver             4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Dodd            4th N.F.       Pte.     R.D. Oliver           4th N.F.
    Pte.    W. Dodd            4th N.F.       Pte.     G. Pearson            4th N.F.
    Pte.    M.E. Donnelly      4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Pencott            4th N.F.
    Pte.    W. Donnelly        4th N.F.       Pte.     T. Potts              4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Evans           4th N.F.       Pte.     I. Reay               4th N.F.
    Pte.    E.A. Fletcher      4th N.F.       Pte.     M. Reed               4th N.F.
    Pte.    A. Forster         4th N.F.       Pte.     E. Riley              4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Fox             4th N.F.       Pte.     F. Riley              4th N.F.
    Pte.    H. Gibbin          4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Riley              4th N.F.
    Pte.    J. Grierson        4th N.F.       Pte.     J. Robson             4th N.F.
    Fus.    T. Stewart         R.N.F.
    Gnr.    J. Stewart         R.A.
    Dvr.    J.R. Taylor        R.A.S.C.
    Sgt.    E. Trueman         K.O.Y.L.I.
    Sgt.    M.J. Thompson      Blk. Watch.
    Spr.    R.E. Crozier       R.E.
  
    Major   R.W. Casebourne    R.E.           2nd Lt.  S. Cunningham         D.L.I.
    Cpl.    G.T. Charlton      R.N.F.         L.A.     N. Davison            F.A.A.
    A.C.    L. Clifford        R.A.F.         Tpr.     E.H. Dickinson        R.A.C.
    L/Cpl   T. Cooper          R.E.M.E.       Pte.     E.M. Dickinson        Rec. Regt.
    Fus.    J.P. Cook          R.N.F.         Cpl.     L. Drummond           R.A.F.
    Pte.    A.E.V. Clark, M.M. Gr. Hwds.      Pte.     J. Drydon             R.N.F. 
    Cpl.    R.J. Clarke        R.A.F.         L.A.C.   H. Dyne               R.A.F.
    Fus.    A. Clark           R.N.F.         Capt.    P. Dent               M.N.
    Sgt.    R. Clark           R.N.F.         Fus.     J.W. Dodd             R.N.F.
    Sgt/Obv. W. Curry          R.A.F.         Pte.     H.W. Eddy             R.A.O.C.
    Tpr.    R. Dodd            R.A.C.         Lt.      W.D. Foster           R.N.F.
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
South face                            South east face:
   
    Lt.     J.T. Redpath       K.O.S.B.       Pte.     T.H. Marsh            D.L.I.
    Pte.    M. Irwin           R. Ins. Fus.   Pte.     S.B.M. Morris         D.L.I.
    Sergt.  A. Addison         W. Riding.     Lt.      J.W. Gilhespy         C.H.
    Capt.   R. Head            Border R.      Sergt.   H. Meins              G.H.
    Capt.   B.C. Harrison      Border R.      Cpl.     F.J. Baty             G.H.
    Pte.    H. Abbott          Border R.      Lce.Cpl. J. Halliday           G.H.
    Pte.    N. Mitchinson      R.H.           Pte.     C. Smith              G.H.
    Lce.Cpl.A. Atkinson        S. Foresters.  Pte.     J.R. Wallace          G.H.
    Lce.Cpl P. McMahon         K.O.Y.L.I.     Capt.    B. Allgood            R.I.R.
    Pte.    R.M. Konkleton     K.O.Y.L.I.     Pte.     C.E. Mason            A.& S.H.
    Pte.    J.R. Robson        K.O.Y.L.I.     Pte.     W. Oliver             A.& S.H.
    Pte.    J. Watson         K.O.Y.L.I.      Cpl.     G.E. Pattinson        M.G.C.
    Lt.     E. Sparke         Middlesex       Pte.     J.W. Oxley            R.A.M.C.
    Cpl.    P.S. Milburn      K.R.R.          Pte.     F. Hall               R.A.M.C.
    Pte.    J.W. Banks        K.R.R.          Pte.     J. Young              R.A.S.C.
    Pte.    J.W. Archer       L.R.            Pte.     C.J.D. Waddilove      R.A.M.C.
    Pte.    J. Boswell        N. Staffs.      Sergt.   T. Burn               Canadians.
    Capt.   R. Atkinson        D.L.I.         Pte.     J. Bell               Canadians.
    Capt.   W.G. Charlton      D.L.I.         Cpl.     W. Jefferson          Canadians.
    Capt.   H.J. Spencer       D.L.I.         Pte.     M.W.P. Dent           Canadians.
    Capt.   J.H. Iveson        D.L.I.         Pte.     E. Walton             Canadians.
    Lt.     F.T. Iveson        D.L.I.         Tpr.     B. Alexander          Aust. E.F.
    Lt.     D. Little          D.L.I.         Pte.     W.C. Brown            Aust. E.F.
    C.S.M.  T. Chrisp, M.M.    D.L.I.         Pte.     J.W. Robinson         Aust. E.F.
    Pte.    J. Bell            D.L.I.         Pte.     W. Turnbull           Aust. E.F.
    Pte.    W.H. Brown         D.L.I.         Sp.      E. Wallace            Aust. E.F.
    Pte.    P. Dodd            D.L.I.                  C. Guthrie            Y.M.C.A.
    Pte.    W.H. Hill          D.L.I.
    Pte.    C. Irwin           D.L.I.
  
    L.A.C.  W.E. Weatherley    R.A.F.         L.A.C.   H. Thompson           R.A.F.
    L.A.C.  L.B. Whitfield     R.A.F.         Pte.     A. Thompson           R.N.F.
    Cpl.    J. Westgarth       R.A.F.         Pte.     D. Thompson           Cam. Hlds.
    Pte.    W.S. Wilson        R.N.F.         3rdEng.  N. Wilkinson          M.N.
    Fus.    R.J. Watson        R.N.F.         P/O      J.S. Wood             R.A.F.
    Sgt.    R. Wilson          R.A.           Sgt/Bdr  R.I. White            R.A.F.
    Dvr.    N.R. Wardle        R.A.S.C.
  
    Pte.    J.W. Moulding      Blk. Watch.    Flt/Lt   W.A.C Patterson DFC.  R.A.F.
    Sgt.    J.W. Morris        R.A.F.         L.A.C.   E. Portnell           R.A.F.
    Tpr.    S. Mynard          Rec. Cps.      Flt/Sgt. F.W. Rutherford      R.A.F.
    Pte.    J. Newton          Blk. Watch.    Sgt.     J.H. Rollingson       R.N.F.
    Pte.    C. Newton          R.N.F.         Flt/Sgt. N. Ridley            R.A.F.
    Tpr.    R.W. Oliver        Rec. Cps.      L.A.C.   A. Ridley             R.A.F.
    Tpr.    A. Pearson         Rec. Cps.      Lt.      J.H. Rawson           Gr. Hwds.
    Tpr.    Alan Pearson       Rec. Cps.      Sgt/Nav. F.D.M. Smith         R.A.F.
    Fus.    A. Pearson         R.N.F.         Cpl.     J. Smith              R.A.F.
    Fus.    J.R. Parker        R.N.F.         L.S.     W. Smith              R.N.
    Tpr.    R.F. Pagan         R.A.C.         Engnr.   S. Scott              M.N.
  NamesH51.03

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